The Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Father of the Nation - Mohammad Ali Jinnah

The Islamic republic of Pakistan emerged as an independent sovereign state on 14th August 1947, as a result of the division of former British India. It lies between 23-35 to 37- 05 north latitude and 60-50 to 77- 50 east longitude touching the Hindukush Mountains in the north and extending from the Pamirs to the Arabian Sea.

Pakistan covers 796,095 with a population of 132.35 million according to population census 1998. It is divided into four provinces:



Khyber Pakhtunkhwa


President of Pakistan Mr. Asif Ali Zardari


Climatically, Pakistan enjoys a considerable measure of variety. North and north western high mountainous ranges are extremely cold in winter while the summer months of April to September are very pleasant.

The country has an agricultural economy with a network of canals irrigating a major part of its cultivated land. Wheat, cotton, rice, millet and sugar cane are the major crops. Among fruits: mangos, oranges, bananas and apples are grown in abundance in different parts of the country. The main natural resources are natural gas, coal, salt and iron. The country has an expanding industry. Cotton, Textiles, sugar, cement, and chemicals play an important role in its economy.


The country comprises of a vast area that was the great center of ancient civilizations of the world. Its historical sites beginning with stone-age to Twentieth Century A.D are a mirror of the life of its people who were, by nature, simple, virile, hospitable and hard working. Ancient sites excavated inTaxila, Harappa, and Moenjodaro speak volumes for Pakistan's rich cultural background dating back to 3,000 B.C.

Prime Minister of Pakistan, Mr. Mian Muhammad Shehbaz Sharif











Basic Facts

Official Name:Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Father of the Nation:Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948)
National Poet: Allama Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938)
President: Mr Asif Ali Zardari
Prime Minister: Mr Shehbaz Sharif

Capital: Islamabad
Total Area: 796,095 square kilometer
Punjab: 205,344 sq. km.
Sindh:140,914 sq. km.
Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa: 74,521 sq. km.
Balochistan: 347,190 Sq. km.
Federally Administered Tribal Areas: 27,220 sq. km.
Population235.8 million (estimated)
Per Capita Income: US $1085 (Click here for details)
GDP: 4.7%
Currency:Rupee (PKR)
Major Imports: Industrial Equipment, Chemicals, Vehicles, Steel, Iron ore, Petroleum, Edible Oil, Pulses, Tea.
Major Exports: Cotton, Textile goods, Rice, Leather items, Carpets, Sports Goods, Handi-crafts, Fish and Fish prep. and Fruits
Languages: Urdu (National), English (Official)
Literacy rate: 58%
Government: Parliamentary Democracy
Popular Games:Cricket, Hockey, Football, Squash
Tourist’s Resorts: Murree, Quetta, Hunza, Ziarat, Swat, Kaghan, Chitral and Gilgit
Archaeological Sites: Moenjo Daro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehr Garh, Takht Bhai
Major Cities: Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Faisalabad, Multan, Sialkot
Major Crops: Cotton, Wheat, Rice and Sugarcane
Total Cropped Area:25.01 million hectares
Industry: Textiles, Cement, Fertiliser, Steel, Sugar, Electric Goods, Shipbuilding
EnergyElectricity (Hydel, Thermal, Nuclear) Oil, Coal, and Liquid Petroleum Gas
22763 MW