About Pakistan

The Islamic republic of Pakistan emerged as an independent sovereign state on 14th August 1947, as a result of the division of former British India. It lies between 23-35 to 37- 05 north latitude and 60-50 to 77- 50 east longitude touching the Hindukush Mountains in the north and extending from the Pamirs to the Arabian Sea.

Pakistan covers 796,095 sq.km with a population of 132.35 million according to population census 1998. It is divided into four provinces:

Punjab
Sindh
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Balochistan

Climatically, Pakistan enjoys a considerable measure of variety. North and north western high mountainous ranges are extremely cold in winter while the summer months of April to September are very pleasant.

The country has an agricultural economy with a network of canals irrigating a major part of its cultivated land. Wheat, cotton, rice, millet and sugar cane are the major crops. Among fruits: mangos, oranges, bananas and apples are grown in abundance in different parts of the country. The main natural resources are natural gas, coal, salt and iron. The country has an expanding industry. Cotton, Textiles, sugar, cement, and chemicals play an important role in its economy.

The country comprises of a vast area that was the great center of ancient civilizations of the world. Its historical sites beginning with stone-age to Twentieth Century A.D are a mirror of the life of its people who were, by nature, simple, virile, hospitable and hard working. Ancient sites excavated in Taxila, Harappa, and Moenjodaro speak volumes for Pakistana’s rich cultural background dating back to 3,000 B.C.

Basic Facts

Official Name: Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Father of the Nation: Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948)
National Poet: Allama Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938)
President: Mr. Mamnoon Hussain
Prime Minister: Mr. Shahid Khaqan Abbasi
Capital: Islamabad
Total Area: 796,095 square kilometer
Punjab: 205,344 sq. km.
Sindh:140,914 sq. km.
Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa: 74,521 sq. km.
Balochistan: 347,190 Sq. km.
Federally Administered Tribal Areas: 27,220 sq. km.
Population: 165 million (estimated)
132 million (1998 census)
Per Capita Income: US $1085   (Click here for detials)
GDP: 5.8%
Currency: Rupee (PKR)
Major Imports: Industrial Equipment, Chemicals, Vehicles, Steel, Iron ore, Petroleum, Edible Oil, Pulses, Tea.
Major Exports: Cotton, Textile goods, Rice, Leather items, Carpets, Sports Goods, Handi-crafts, Fish and Fish prep. and Fruits
Languages: Urdu (National), English (Official)
Literacy rate: 53%
Government: Parliamentary Democracy
National Flag: Dark Green with a White Vertical Bar, a white crescent and a five-pointed star in the middle. The Flag symbolizes Pakistan’s profound commitment to Islam, the Islamic world and the rights of religious minorities.
National Anthem: Approved in August, 1954
Verses Composed by: Abul Asar Hafeez Jullundhri
Tune Composed by: Ahmed G Chagla
Duration: 80 seconds
State Emblem: The State Emblem consists of:

  1. The Crescent and Star which are symbols of Islam
  2. The shield in the centre shows four major crops
  3. Wreath surrounding the shield represents cultural heritage and
  4. Scroll contains Quaid’s motto: Faith, Unity, Discipline
Official Map: Drawn by Mian Mahmood Alam Suhrawardy (1920-1999)
Click here to visit Survey of Pakistan website
National Flower: Jasmine
National Tree: Deodar (Cedrus Deodara)
National Animal: Markhor
National Tree: Deodar (Cedrus Deodara)
National Bird: Chakor (Red-legged partridge)
Flora: Pine, Oak, Poplar, Deodar, Maple, Mulberry
Fauna: The Pheasant, Leopard, Deer, Ibex, Chinkara, Black buck, Neelgai, Markhor, Marco-Polo sheep, Green turtles, River & Sea fish, Crocodile, Waterfowls
Popular Games: Cricket, Hockey, Football, Squash
Tourist’s Resorts: Murree, Quetta, Hunza, Ziarat, Swat, Kaghan, Chitral and Gilgit
Archaeological Sites: Moenjo Daro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehr Garh, Takht Bhai
Major Cities: Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Faisalabad, Multan, Sialkot
Major Crops: Cotton, Wheat, Rice and Sugarcane
Agricultural Growth Rate: 4.1 % on the average for the last six years
-1.5% in 2007-08
Total Cropped Area: 25.01 million hectares
Industry: Textiles, Cement, Fertiliser, Steel, Sugar, Electric Goods, Shipbuilding
Energy: Electricity (Hydel, Thermal, Nuclear) Oil, Coal, and Liquid Petroleum Gas
22763 MW

Source: infopak.gov.pk

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